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 School of Law. Credit: Andrew Brodhead /

Sanction Deliberations

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Process of Deliberations

After your Judicial Panel has finished asking you questions about the impact of potential sanctions, it will ask the reporting party if he/she has further comments. It will also ask the Judicial Officer if there are mitigating and/or aggravating factors in the case that have not yet been presented. And finally, the Panel will ask you for final comments. This will be your last opportunity to speak to the panelists about anything else relevant to your case that has not been presented before.

 Cardinal Red Decorative Live


The Panel will then adjourn to deliberate in closed-door session, and you, the reporting party and the Judicial Officer will again be excused.

 Cardinal Red Decorative Live

Getting a Decision

Sanction deliberations usually last between 15–45 minutes, but some have lasted for several hours. You, the reporting party and the Judicial Officer will be invited to return to hear the decision, although neither your attendance nor that of the reporting party is mandatory. If you and/or the reporting party choose to leave once deliberations have begun, the Judicial Advisor will notify you and him/her of the outcome via email immediately after the hearing is concluded.

Blossoming trees around campus came into full bloom as the temperatures warmed during spring break. Credit: Linda A. Cicero / Stanford News Service


Please note that Judicial Panel deliberations are confidential; thus, the Judicial Advisor (who sits in and is available to answer process or procedure-related questions the panelists might have) will not be able to provide information other than what is contained in the Hearing Report.